Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
, 57 (1), 191-198

Anthropometrically Predicted Visceral Adipose Tissue and Blood-Based Biomarkers: A Cross-Sectional Analysis

Affiliations

Anthropometrically Predicted Visceral Adipose Tissue and Blood-Based Biomarkers: A Cross-Sectional Analysis

Justin C Brown et al. Eur J Nutr.

Abstract

Purpose: We hypothesized that anthropometrically predicted visceral adipose tissue (apVAT) accounts for more variance in blood-based biomarkers of glucose homeostasis, inflammation, and lipid metabolism than body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and the combination of BMI and WC (BMI + WC).

Methods: This was a cross-sectional analysis of 10,624 males and females who participated in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III; 1988-1994). apVAT was predicted from a validated regression equation that included age, height, weight, waist, and thigh circumferences. Bootstrapped linear regression models were used to compare the proportion of variance (R 2) in biomarkers explained by apVAT, BMI, WC, and BMI + WC.

Results: apVAT accounted for more variance in biomarkers of glucose homeostasis than BMI (∆R 2 = 8.4-11.8 %; P < 0.001), WC (∆R 2 = 5.5-8.4 %; P < 0.001), and BMI + WC (∆R 2 = 5.1-7.7 %; P < 0.001). apVAT accounted for more variance in biomarkers of inflammation than BMI (ΔR 2 = 3.8 %; P < 0.001), WC (ΔR 2 = 3.1 %; P < 0.001), and BMI + WC (ΔR 2 = 2.9 %; P < 0.001). apVAT accounted for more variance in biomarkers of lipid metabolism than BMI (ΔR 2 = 2.9-9.2 %; P < 0.001), WC (ΔR 2 = 2.9-5.2 %; P < 0.001), and BMI + WC (ΔR 2 = 2.4-4.1 %; P ≤ 0.01).

Conclusions: apVAT, estimated with simple and widely used anthropometric measures, accounts for more variance in blood-based biomarkers than BMI, WC, and BMI + WC. Clinicians and researchers may consider utilizing apVAT to characterize cardio-metabolic health, particularly in settings with limited availability of imaging and laboratory data.

Keywords: Adiposity; Body composition; Population-based; Waist–hip ratio.

Conflict of interest statement

Conflicts of Interest: On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
Proportion of variance explained by each anthropometric measure.
Figure 2
Figure 2
Discriminative characteristics for impaired fasting glucose (Panel A) and the metabolic syndrome (Panel B) by each anthropometric measure.

Comment in

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 2 PubMed Central articles

MeSH terms

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback