Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses

Epileptic Disord. 2016 Sep 1;18(S2):73-88. doi: 10.1684/epd.2016.0844.


The neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCL) are neurodegenerative conditions that associate cognitive decline, progressive cerebellar atrophy, retinopathy, and myoclonic epilepsy. NCL result from the excessive accumulation of neuronal and extraneuronal lipopigments, despite having diverse underlying biochemical aetiologies. Here we review the clinical presentation, pathophysiology and genetics of these conditions as well as the approach to diagnosis and management.

Keywords: Batten; Haltia-Santavuori; Janský-Bielschowsky; Spielmeyer; progressive myoclonus epilepsies.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Neuronal Ceroid-Lipofuscinoses* / diagnosis
  • Neuronal Ceroid-Lipofuscinoses* / genetics
  • Neuronal Ceroid-Lipofuscinoses* / metabolism
  • Neuronal Ceroid-Lipofuscinoses* / therapy