A new carbamidemethyl-linked lanthanoid chelating tag for PCS NMR spectroscopy of proteins in living HeLa cells

J Biomol NMR. 2016 Oct;66(2):99-110. doi: 10.1007/s10858-016-0059-4. Epub 2016 Sep 8.


Structural analyses of proteins under macromolecular crowding inside human cultured cells by in-cell NMR spectroscopy are crucial not only for explicit understanding of their cellular functions but also for applications in medical and pharmaceutical sciences. In-cell NMR experiments using human cultured cells however suffer from low sensitivity, thus pseudocontact shifts from protein-tagged paramagnetic lanthanoid ions, analysed using sensitive heteronuclear two-dimensional correlation NMR spectra, offer huge potential advantage in obtaining structural information over conventional NOE-based approaches. We synthesised a new lanthanoid-chelating tag (M8-CAM-I), in which the eight-fold, stereospecifically methylated DOTA (M8) scaffold was retained, while a stable carbamidemethyl (CAM) group was introduced as the functional group connecting to proteins. M8-CAM-I successfully fulfilled the requirements for in-cell NMR: high-affinity to lanthanoid, low cytotoxicity and the stability under reducing condition inside cells. Large PCSs for backbone N-H resonances observed for M8-CAM-tagged human ubiquitin mutant proteins, which were introduced into HeLa cells by electroporation, demonstrated that this approach readily provides the useful information enabling the determination of protein structures, relative orientations of domains and protein complexes within human cultured cells.

Keywords: Cultured human cells; Electroporation; In-cell NMR; Lanthanoid-chelating tag; Paramagnetic NMR.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Chelating Agents / chemistry*
  • HeLa Cells
  • Humans
  • Isotope Labeling
  • Lanthanoid Series Elements / chemistry*
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy* / methods
  • Molecular Docking Simulation
  • Molecular Dynamics Simulation
  • Molecular Structure
  • Mutation
  • Protein Conformation
  • Protein Stability
  • Proteins / chemistry*
  • Proteins / genetics
  • Ubiquitin / chemistry
  • Ubiquitin / genetics


  • Chelating Agents
  • Lanthanoid Series Elements
  • Proteins
  • Ubiquitin