Provider Bias in Long-Acting Reversible Contraception (LARC) Promotion and Removal: Perceptions of Young Adult Women

Am J Public Health. 2016 Nov;106(11):1932-1937. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2016.303393. Epub 2016 Sep 15.


Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) is effective and acceptable. However, concern exists about potential provider bias in LARC promotion. No study has documented contraceptive users' attitudes toward or experiences with provider influence and bias regarding LARC. We collected qualitative data in 2014 to address this gap. Participants were 50 young adult women with any history of contraceptive use (including LARC) in Dane County, Wisconsin. Women often described providers as a trusted source of contraceptive information. However, several women reported that their preferences regarding contraceptive selection or removal were not honored. Furthermore, many participants believed that providers recommend LARC disproportionately to socially marginalized women. We encourage contraceptive counseling and removal protocols that directly address historical reproductive injustices and that honor patients' wishes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Attitude of Health Personnel*
  • Bias
  • Contraceptive Agents, Female / administration & dosage*
  • Drug Implants / administration & dosage*
  • Family Planning Services
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • Medical Assistance
  • Patient Education as Topic / methods
  • Patient Preference*
  • Perception*
  • Qualitative Research
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Wisconsin
  • Young Adult


  • Contraceptive Agents, Female
  • Drug Implants