Systemic Lupus Erythematosus is an autoimmune disorder caused by a complex combination of genetic, epigenetic and environmental factors. Different polymorphisms and epigenetic modifications lead to altered gene expression and function of several molecules which lead to abnormal T cell responses. Metabolic and functional alterations result in peripheral tolerance failures and biased differentiation of T cells into pro-inflammatory and B cell-helper phenotypes as well as the accumulation of disease-promoting memory T cells. Understanding these T cell alterations and their origins is necessary to develop more accurate patient classification systems and to discover new therapeutic targets.
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