Phylogenetic placement of two species known only from resting spores: Zoophthora independentia sp. nov. and Z. porteri comb nov. (Entomophthorales: Entomophthoraceae)

J Invertebr Pathol. 2016 Oct:140:68-74. doi: 10.1016/j.jip.2016.09.002. Epub 2016 Sep 13.


Molecular methods were used to determine the generic placement of two species of Entomophthorales known only from resting spores. Historically, these species would belong in the form-genus Tarichium, but this classification provides no information about phylogenetic relationships. Using DNA from resting spores, Zoophthora independentia, infecting Tipula (Lunatipula) submaculata in New York State, is now described as a new species and Tarichium porteri, described in 1942, which infects Tipula (Triplicitipula) colei in Tennessee, is transferred to the genus Zoophthora. We have shown that use of molecular methods can assist with determination of the phylogenetic relations of specimens within the form-genus Tarichium for an already described species and a new species for which only resting spores are available.

Keywords: Entomopathogenic fungi; Entomophthorales; Resting spores; Tipula.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • DNA, Fungal
  • Diptera / parasitology*
  • Entomophthora / genetics*
  • Entomophthorales / genetics*
  • Phylogeny
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Spores, Fungal
  • Zygomycosis / veterinary


  • DNA, Fungal