Fertility and Pregnancy in Turner Syndrome

J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2016 Aug;38(8):712-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jogc.2016.02.007. Epub 2016 Apr 23.


Turner syndrome (TS) occurs in one in 2500 live female births and is one of the most common chromosomal abnormalities in women. Pregnancies in women with TS, conceived with either autologous or donated oocytes, are considered high risk because of the associated miscarriages and life-threatening cardiovascular complications (aortic dissection, severe hypertension). Therefore, it is imperative to conduct a full preconception evaluation and counselling that includes cardiac assessment with Holter blood pressure monitoring, echocardiography, and thoracic MRI. Abnormal findings, such an aortic dilatation, mandate close monitoring throughout the pregnancy and the immediate postpartum period and could possibly contraindicate pregnancy. When in vitro fertilization using donated oocytes is performed in these women, only a single embryo should be transferred. Women with a Turner mosaic karyotype appear to have a lower risk of obstetrical and cardiovascular complications but should nevertheless undergo the full preconception evaluation. In this article, we offer guidelines on the management of women with TS in the preconception period, during pregnancy, and postpartum.

Keywords: Syndrome de Turner; Turner syndrome; aortic dissection; don d'ovocyte; grossesse; oocyte donation; pregnancy.

MeSH terms

  • Abortion, Spontaneous
  • Female
  • Fertility
  • Fertility Preservation
  • Humans
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular* / epidemiology
  • Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular* / therapy
  • Pregnancy Outcome / epidemiology
  • Pregnancy, High-Risk
  • Risk Factors
  • Turner Syndrome / complications
  • Turner Syndrome / epidemiology*
  • Turner Syndrome / therapy