Surgical Management of Benign Adnexal Masses in the Pediatric/Adolescent Population: An 11-Year Review

J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2017 Feb;30(1):123-127. doi: 10.1016/j.jpag.2016.09.002. Epub 2016 Sep 14.


Study objective: The purpose of this study was to compare ovarian conservation rates and surgical approach in benign adnexal surgeries performed by surgeons vs gynecologists at a tertiary care institution.

Design: A retrospective cohort review.

Setting: Children's and adult tertiary care university-based hospital.

Participants: Patients 21 years of age and younger who underwent surgery for an adnexal mass from January 2003 through December 2013.

Interventions: Patient age, demographic characteristics, menarchal status, clinical symptoms, radiologic imaging, timing of surgery, surgeon specialty, mode of surgery, rate of ovarian conservation, and pathology were recorded. Patients were excluded if they had a uterine anomaly or pathology-proven malignancy.

Main outcome measures: The primary outcome was the rate of ovarian conservation relative to surgical specialty; secondary outcome was surgical approach relative to surgical specialty.

Results: Of 310 potential cases, 194 met inclusion criteria. Gynecologists were more likely than surgeons to conserve the ovary (80% vs 63%; odds ratio, 2.28; 95% confidence interval, 1.16-4.48). After adjusting for age, body mass index, mass size, and urgency of surgery, the difference was attenuated (adjusted odds ratio, 1.84; 95% confidence interval, 0.88-3.84). Surgeons and gynecologists performed minimally invasive surgery at similar rates (62% vs 50%; P = .11). A patient was more likely to receive surgery by a gynecologist if she was older (P < .001) and postmenarchal (P = .005).

Conclusion: Results of our study suggest that gynecologists are more likely to perform ovarian-conserving surgery. However, our sample size precluded precise estimates in our multivariable model. Educational efforts among all pediatric and gynecologic surgeons should emphasize ovarian conservation and fertility preservation whenever possible.

Keywords: Adnexal mass; Adnexal torsion; Adolescent; Laparoscopy; Ovarian conservation; Pediatric.

MeSH terms

  • Adnexal Diseases / surgery*
  • Adolescent
  • Age Factors
  • Child
  • Female
  • Gynecology / methods
  • Gynecology / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures / methods
  • Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures / statistics & numerical data
  • Odds Ratio
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery*
  • Ovariectomy / methods
  • Ovariectomy / statistics & numerical data*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Young Adult