Infantile Cirrhosis, Growth Impairment, and Neurodevelopmental Anomalies Associated with Deficiency of PPP1R15B

J Pediatr. 2016 Dec;179:144-149.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2016.08.043. Epub 2016 Sep 15.


Objective: To assess the utility of whole-exome sequencing (WES) in a sibling pair with undetermined liver disease and describe the phenotype associated with mutations discovered therein.

Study design: Next-generation WES was performed on 2 siblings (S1 and S2) who were born to nonconsanguineous parents of European extraction. Both siblings developed cirrhosis of indeterminate etiology and required liver transplantation; S1 at 7 months and S2 at 22 months.

Results: Sequencing of germline DNA identified compound heterozygous mutations in PPP1R15B resulting in increased levels of phosphorylated eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2α.

Conclusions: The first demonstration of PPP1R15B associated with liver disease expands the phenotypic spectrum of PPP1R15B related diseases. Our findings validate the application of WES in the diagnosis of children with undetermined liver disease. Understanding the genetic basis of liver disease may allow the development of targeted therapies for treatment and adequate counseling of families.

Keywords: infantile cirrhosis; translation initiation factor; whole exome.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Growth Disorders / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Liver Cirrhosis / genetics*
  • Mutation*
  • Neurodevelopmental Disorders / genetics*
  • Phenotype
  • Protein Phosphatase 1 / deficiency
  • Protein Phosphatase 1 / genetics*
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA


  • Protein Phosphatase 1