Preparing anesthesiology faculty for competency-based medical education

Can J Anaesth. 2016 Dec;63(12):1364-1373. doi: 10.1007/s12630-016-0739-2. Epub 2016 Sep 19.


Purpose: Competency-based medical education (CBME) is quickly becoming the dominant organizing principle for medical residency programs. As CBME requires changes in the way medical education is delivered, faculty will need to acquire new skills in teaching and assessment in order to navigate the transition. In this paper, we examine the evidence supporting best practices in faculty development, propose strategies for faculty development for CBME-based residency programs, and discuss the results of faculty development initiatives at the pioneering anesthesia CBME residency program at the University of Ottawa.

Source: Review of the current literature and information from the University of Ottawa anesthesia residency program.

Principal findings: Faculty development is critical to the success of CBME programs. Attention must be paid to the competence of faculty to teach and assess all of the CanMEDS roles. At the University of Ottawa, some faculty development initiatives were very successful, while others were hindered by factors both internal and external to the residency program. Many faculty development activities had low attendance rates.

Conclusions: Faculty development must be considered in the rollout of any new educational initiative. Experts suggest that faculty development for CBME should incorporate educational activities using multiple teaching and delivery methods, and should be offered longitudinally through the planning, development, and implementation phases of curriculum change. Additionally, these educational activities must continue until all faculty have demonstrated an acceptable level of competence. Faculty buy-in is paramount to the successful delivery of any faculty development program that is not mandatory in nature.

MeSH terms

  • Anesthesiology / education*
  • Clinical Competence
  • Competency-Based Education / organization & administration*
  • Curriculum
  • Education, Medical, Graduate
  • Faculty, Medical*
  • Internship and Residency / organization & administration
  • Ontario
  • Universities