Evaluating the Impact of Wikis on Student Learning Outcomes: An Integrative Review

J Prof Nurs. 2016 Sep-Oct;32(5):364-76. doi: 10.1016/j.profnurs.2016.01.007. Epub 2016 Jan 12.


Although wikis appear to have been reported as effective tools for educators, uncertainty exists as to their effectiveness in achieving student learning outcomes. The aim of this integrative review was to examine the current evidence on the impact of wikis on student learning in courses requiring collaborative or co-developed assignments or activities. The authors searched several electronic databases for relevant articles and used R. Whittemore and K. Knafl's (2005) integrative review method to analyze and synthesize the evidence. Twenty-five articles met the selection criteria for this review, and four major themes for wiki use were identified: (a) writing skills, (b) collaboration, (c) knowledge acquisition, and (d) centralized repository. Although wikis have been found useful in improving student learning outcomes and hold great potential as an instructional strategy to aid students in learning various skills and gaining new knowledge, more research is needed on their effectiveness, especially in the area of nursing education.

Keywords: Constructivism; Internet-based learning; On-line learning; Social media; Wiki.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cooperative Behavior*
  • Education, Nursing
  • Humans
  • Internet
  • Learning*
  • Social Media / statistics & numerical data*
  • Students, Health Occupations / psychology*
  • Writing