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Multicenter Study
. 2017 Jan;32(1):35-40.
doi: 10.1177/0883073816669450. Epub 2016 Sep 29.

Cannabidiol as a Potential Treatment for Febrile Infection-Related Epilepsy Syndrome (FIRES) in the Acute and Chronic Phases

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Multicenter Study

Cannabidiol as a Potential Treatment for Febrile Infection-Related Epilepsy Syndrome (FIRES) in the Acute and Chronic Phases

Jacqueline S Gofshteyn et al. J Child Neurol. .

Abstract

Febrile infection-related epilepsy syndrome (FIRES) is a devastating epilepsy affecting normal children after a febrile illness. FIRES presents with an acute phase with super-refractory status epilepticus and all patients progress to a chronic phase with persistent refractory epilepsy. The typical outcome is severe encephalopathy or death. The authors present 7 children from 5 centers with FIRES who had not responded to antiepileptic drugs or other therapies who were given cannabadiol (Epidiolex, GW Pharma) on emergency or expanded investigational protocols in either the acute or chronic phase of illness. After starting cannabidiol, 6 of 7 patients' seizures improved in frequency and duration. One patient died due to multiorgan failure secondary to isoflourane. An average of 4 antiepileptic drugs were weaned. Currently 5 subjects are ambulatory, 1 walks with assistance, and 4 are verbal. While this is an open-label case series, the authors add cannabidiol as a possible treatment for FIRES.

Keywords: cannabidiol; febrile infection-related epilepsy syndrome (FIRES); pediatric epilepsy; refractory status epilepticus.

Comment in

  • Cannabidiol as a treatment for epilepsy.
    Pickrell WO, Robertson NP. Pickrell WO, et al. J Neurol. 2017 Dec;264(12):2506-2508. doi: 10.1007/s00415-017-8663-0. J Neurol. 2017. PMID: 29124331 Free PMC article. No abstract available.

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