Protein tyrosine phosphatase MEG2 (PTP-MEG2) is a unique nonreceptor tyrosine phosphatase associated with transport vesicles, where it facilitates membrane trafficking by dephosphorylation of the N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive fusion factor. In this study, we identify the neurotrophin receptor TrkA as a novel cargo whose transport to the cell surface requires PTP-MEG2 activity. In addition, TrkA is also a novel substrate of PTP-MEG2, which dephosphorylates both Tyr-490 and Tyr-674/Tyr-675 of TrkA. As a result, overexpression of PTP-MEG2 down-regulates NGF/TrkA signaling and blocks neurite outgrowth and differentiation in PC12 cells and cortical neurons.
Keywords: PTP-MEG2; PTPN9; TrkA; autophosphorylation; membrane trafficking; neuron; receptor tyrosine kinase; tyrosine-protein phosphatase (tyrosine phosphatase).
© 2016 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.