The Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase MEG2 Regulates the Transport and Signal Transduction of Tropomyosin Receptor Kinase A

J Biol Chem. 2016 Nov 11;291(46):23895-23905. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M116.728550. Epub 2016 Sep 21.


Protein tyrosine phosphatase MEG2 (PTP-MEG2) is a unique nonreceptor tyrosine phosphatase associated with transport vesicles, where it facilitates membrane trafficking by dephosphorylation of the N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive fusion factor. In this study, we identify the neurotrophin receptor TrkA as a novel cargo whose transport to the cell surface requires PTP-MEG2 activity. In addition, TrkA is also a novel substrate of PTP-MEG2, which dephosphorylates both Tyr-490 and Tyr-674/Tyr-675 of TrkA. As a result, overexpression of PTP-MEG2 down-regulates NGF/TrkA signaling and blocks neurite outgrowth and differentiation in PC12 cells and cortical neurons.

Keywords: PTP-MEG2; PTPN9; TrkA; autophosphorylation; membrane trafficking; neuron; receptor tyrosine kinase; tyrosine-protein phosphatase (tyrosine phosphatase).

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Mice
  • Neurites / enzymology*
  • PC12 Cells
  • Protein Transport / physiology
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases, Non-Receptor / genetics
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases, Non-Receptor / metabolism*
  • Rats
  • Receptor, trkA / metabolism*
  • Signal Transduction / physiology*


  • Receptor, trkA
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases, Non-Receptor
  • Ptpn9 protein, mouse