Weekly paclitaxel therapy for gastric cancer in patients with renal dysfunction: A case report

Ann Med Surg (Lond). 2016 Sep 1;11:26-8. doi: 10.1016/j.amsu.2016.08.019. eCollection 2016 Nov.

Abstract

A 57-year-old woman was admitted to National Defense Medical College hospital for treatment of gastric cancer with pyloric stenosis. She had been diagnosed with chronic kidney disease (CKD) 10 years prior, but received no hemodialysis. Because of peritoneal dissemination, a palliative distal gastrectomy was performed. In consideration of renal dysfunction, we decided for chemotherapy with paclitaxel, but not S-1 plus cisplatin regimen which is renal toxic agents. On the 29th postoperative day, chemotherapy using paclitaxel was initiated at a dose of 80 mg/m(2). Paclitaxel was administered weekly on days 1, 8, and 15 on a 28-day cycle. The patient tolerated 13 courses of this treatment without any severe adverse effect, such as exacerbation of renal function. Despite the gradual increase in the level of tumor markers, metastases were not detected via radiography during the clinical course. Moreover, renal function was maintained for the duration of the clinical course. To date, standard chemotherapeutic treatment for patients with CKD has not been established. We conclude that weekly paclitaxel is a suitable treatment regimen for patients with renal failure requiring chemotherapy for advanced gastric cancer.

Keywords: Gastric cancer; Hemodialysis; Paclitaxel; Pharmacokinetics.

Publication types

  • Case Reports