Whole-exome sequencing in the molecular diagnosis of individuals with congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract and identification of a new causative gene

Genet Med. 2017 Apr;19(4):412-420. doi: 10.1038/gim.2016.131. Epub 2016 Sep 22.

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the utility of whole-exome sequencing (WES) to define a molecular diagnosis for patients clinically diagnosed with congenital anomalies of kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT).

Methods: WES was performed in 62 families with CAKUT. WES data were analyzed for single-nucleotide variants (SNVs) in 35 known CAKUT genes, putatively deleterious sequence changes in new candidate genes, and potentially disease-associated copy-number variants (CNVs).

Results: In approximately 5% of families, pathogenic SNVs were identified in PAX2, HNF1B, and EYA1. Observed phenotypes in these families expand the current understanding about the role of these genes in CAKUT. Four pathogenic CNVs were also identified using two CNV detection tools. In addition, we found one deleterious de novo SNV in FOXP1 among the 62 families with CAKUT. The clinical database of the Baylor Miraca Genetics laboratory was queried and seven additional unrelated individuals with novel de novo SNVs in FOXP1 were identified. Six of these eight individuals with FOXP1 SNVs have syndromic urinary tract defects, implicating this gene in urinary tract development.

Conclusion: We conclude that WES can be used to identify molecular etiology (SNVs, CNVs) in a subset of individuals with CAKUT. WES can also help identify novel CAKUT genes.Genet Med 19 4, 412-420.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • DNA Copy Number Variations*
  • Female
  • Forkhead Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease / genetics*
  • Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1-beta / genetics
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / genetics
  • Male
  • Nuclear Proteins / genetics
  • PAX2 Transcription Factor / genetics
  • Pedigree
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases / genetics
  • Repressor Proteins / genetics
  • Urogenital Abnormalities / diagnosis*
  • Urogenital Abnormalities / genetics
  • Vesico-Ureteral Reflux / diagnosis*
  • Vesico-Ureteral Reflux / genetics
  • Whole Exome Sequencing / methods*
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • FOXP1 protein, human
  • Forkhead Transcription Factors
  • HNF1B protein, human
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • PAX2 Transcription Factor
  • PAX2 protein, human
  • Repressor Proteins
  • Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1-beta
  • EYA1 protein, human
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases

Supplementary concepts

  • Cakut