Synthesis of several 7-hydroxy oxysterols and their potential roles as signaling molecules in the innate and adaptive immune responses is discussed. Discovery of a new, fluorinated, synthetic analog of the 7α,25-dihydroxycholesterol-the endogenous ligand of GPR 183 (EBI2), a G-protein coupled receptor highly expressed upon Epstein-Barr virus infection is described. Fluoro oxysterol 12 showed good metabolic stability while maintaining excellent EBI2 agonist activity.
Keywords: EBI2 agonist; Epstein–Barr virus; Fluoro oxysterol; GPR 183; Immune response; Oxysterols.
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