Genetic variation near IRS1 is associated with adiposity and a favorable metabolic profile in U.S. Hispanics/Latinos

Obesity (Silver Spring). 2016 Nov;24(11):2407-2413. doi: 10.1002/oby.21624. Epub 2016 Sep 24.

Abstract

Objective: Associations of IRS1 genetic variation with adiposity and metabolic profile in U.S. Hispanic/Latino individuals of diverse backgrounds were examined.

Methods: Previously genome-wide association study-identified IRS1 variants (rs2943650, rs2972146, rs2943641, and rs2943634) as related to body fat percentage (BF%) and multiple metabolic traits were tested among up to 12,730 adults (5,232 men; 7,515 women) from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos.

Results: The C-allele (frequency = 26%) of rs2943650 was significantly associated with higher BF% overall (β = 0.34 ± 0.11% per allele; P = 0.002) and in women (β = 0.41 ± 0.14% per C-allele; P = 0.003), but not in men (β = 0.28 ± 0.18% per C-allele; P = 0.11), though there was no significant sex difference. Using the inverse normal-transformed data to compare effect sizes, it was found that the association with BF% was stronger in Hispanic/Latino women than that previously reported in European women (β = 0.054 ± 0.018SD vs. β = 0.008 ± 0.011SD per C-allele; P = 0.03). The BF%-increasing allele of rs2943650 was significantly associated with lower levels of fasting insulin, homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance, hemoglobin A1c, and triglycerides and higher high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (P < 0.05).

Conclusions: This study confirmed and extended previous findings of IRS1 variation associated with increased adiposity but a favorable metabolic profile in U.S. Hispanics/Latinos, with a relatively stronger genetic effect on BF% in Hispanic/Latino women compared with European women.

MeSH terms

  • Adiposity / genetics*
  • Adult
  • Alleles
  • Cholesterol, HDL / blood
  • Ethnicity
  • Fasting / blood
  • Female
  • Gene Frequency
  • Genetic Variation*
  • Genome-Wide Association Study
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A / analysis
  • Hispanic or Latino / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Insulin / blood
  • Insulin Receptor Substrate Proteins / genetics*
  • Insulin Resistance / genetics
  • Male
  • Metabolome*
  • Middle Aged
  • Obesity / genetics
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Factors
  • Triglycerides / blood
  • United States
  • Whites / genetics

Substances

  • Cholesterol, HDL
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A
  • IRS1 protein, human
  • Insulin
  • Insulin Receptor Substrate Proteins
  • Triglycerides