An unusual neuroimaging finding and response to immunotherapy in a child with genetically confirmed vanishing white matter disease

Eur J Paediatr Neurol. 2017 Mar;21(2):410-413. doi: 10.1016/j.ejpn.2016.08.012. Epub 2016 Sep 6.


Background: We present an unusual neuroimaging finding in a young girl with genetically confirmed vanishing white matter disease and a possible response to immunotherapy.

Methods and results: 2.5 yr old girl, presented with acute onset unsteadiness and encephalopathy following a viral illness. MRI showed global symmetric white matter abnormality, with symmetric enhancement of cranial nerves (III and V) and of cervical and lumbar roots. She received immunotherapy for her encephalopathic illness with white matter changes. Follow up neuroimaging showed resolution of white matter edema and resolution of the change in the brainstem. Genetic testing confirmed a diagnosis of vanishing white matter disease (VWMD).

Conclusion: Craniospinal nerve enhancement and possible response to immunotherapy has not been described in vanishing white matter disease.

Keywords: Cranial nerve enhancement; EIF mutation; Immunotherapy; Leukodystrophy; Vanishing white matter disease.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adrenal Cortex Hormones / therapeutic use*
  • Brain Diseases / drug therapy*
  • Brain Diseases / genetics
  • Brain Diseases / immunology
  • Brain Diseases / pathology*
  • Brain Stem / drug effects
  • Child, Preschool
  • Edema / complications
  • Edema / pathology
  • Female
  • Genetic Testing*
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulins, Intravenous / immunology*
  • Immunoglobulins, Intravenous / therapeutic use*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Neuroimaging*
  • White Matter / drug effects
  • White Matter / pathology*


  • Adrenal Cortex Hormones
  • Immunoglobulins, Intravenous