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. 2016 Dec 28;26(12):2159-2170.
doi: 10.4014/jmb.1607.07073.

Interaction of Pseudostellaria heterophylla With Quorum Sensing and Quorum Quenching Bacteria Mediated by Root Exudates in a Consecutive Monoculture System

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Interaction of Pseudostellaria heterophylla With Quorum Sensing and Quorum Quenching Bacteria Mediated by Root Exudates in a Consecutive Monoculture System

Liaoyuan Zhang et al. J Microbiol Biotechnol. .
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Abstract

Many plant-pathogenic bacteria are dependent on quorum sensing (QS) to evoke disease. In this study, the population of QS and quorum quenching (QQ) bacteria was analyzed in a consecutive monoculture system of Pseudostellaria heterophylla. The isolated QS strains were identified as Serratia marcescens with SwrIR-type QS system and exhibited a significant increase over the years of monoculture. Only one QQ strain was isolated from newly planted soil sample and was identified as Bacillus thuringiensis, which secreted lactonase to degrade QS signal molecules. Inoculation of S. marcescens to P. heterophylla root could rapidly cause wilt disease, which was alleviated by B. thuringiensis. Furthermore, the expression of lactonase encoded by the aiiA gene in S. marcescens resulted in reduction of its pathogenicity, implying that the toxic effect of S. marcescens on the seedlings was QS-regulated. Meanwhile, excess lactonase in S. marcescens led to reduction in antibacterial substances, exoenzymes, and swarming motility, which might contribute to pathogensis on the seedlings. Root exudates and root tuber extracts of P. heterophylla significantly promoted the growth of S. marcescens, whereas a slight increase of B. thuringiensis was observed in both samples. These results demonstrated that QS-regulated behaviors in S. marcescens mediated by root exudates played an important role in replanting diseases of P. heterophylla.

Keywords: P. heterophylla; consecutive monoculture; interaction; quorum quenching; quorum sensing; root exudates.

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