Fusion transcripts arising from the combination of exons residing on neighboring genes on the same chromosome may give rise to chimeric or novel proteins. Such read-through transcripts have been detected in different cancers where they may be of pathogenetic interest. In this study, we describe for the first time the expression of a read-through transcript in insulinomas, a functioning neuroendocrine pancreatic neoplasm. The read-through transcript INS-IGF2, composed of exons from the two genes proinsulin precursor (INS) and insulin‑like growth factor 2 (IGF2), both mapping to chromosomal subband 11p15.5, was highly expressed in the two insulinomas analyzed. More precisely, version 2 of the INS-IGF2 transcript was expressed, indicating possible expression of the chimeric INS-IGF2 protein. We further identified a novel splice variant of the INS-IGF2 read-through transcript in one of the insulinomas, composed of exon 1 of INS3 and exons of IGF2. In the same tumor, we found high expression of INS3 and the presence of the A allele at SNP rs689. SNP rs689 has been previously described to regulate splicing of the INS transcript, indicating that this regulatory mechanism also affects splicing of INS-IGF2. The identification of the INS-IGF2 read-through transcript specifically in tumor tissue but not in normal pancreatic tissue suggests that high expression of INS-IGF2 could be neoplasia‑specific. These results may have potential clinical applications given that the read-through transcript could be used as a biomarker in insulinoma patients.