CCL5 rs2107538 Polymorphism Increased the Risk of Tuberculosis in a Sample of Iranian Population

Prague Med Rep. 2016;117(2-3):90-97. doi: 10.14712/23362936.2016.9.


Cysteine-cysteine chemokine ligand 5 (CCL5) with immunoregulatory and inflammatory activities has an important role in granuloma formations that activates and stimulates T-cells and macrophages. Cysteine-cysteine chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) is a chemokine receptor, which is important for migration of immune cells to site of infection. In the present study we investigated the possible association between CCL5 -403G/A (rs2107538), CCL5 -28C/G (rs2280788) and CCR5 Δ32 polymorphisms and pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) in an Iranian population. This case-control study was performed on 160 patients with pulmonary tuberculosis and 160 unrelated healthy subjects. The CCL5 -403G/A, CCL5 -28C/G and CCR5 Δ32 polymorphisms were genotyped by allele-specific polymerase chain reaction (AS-PCR), tetra amplification refractory mutation system polymerase chain reaction (T-ARMS PCR) and PCR, respectively. Our results showed that GA as well as GA+AA genotypes of CCL5 -403G/A (rs2107538) increased the risk of PTB in comparison with GG genotype (OR=1.70, 95% CI=1.03-2.81, P=0.038 and OR=1.64, 95% CI=1.00-2.68, P=0.049, respectively). No significant association was found between CCL5 -28C/G as well as CCR5 Δ32 polymorphism and PTB risk. In conclusion, our findings proposed that CCL5 -403G>A polymorphism may be a risk factor for susceptibility to PTB in our population. Larger sample sizes with different ethnicities are required to validate our findings.

Keywords: CCL5; CCR5; Polymorphism; Tuberculosis.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Chemokine CCL5 / genetics*
  • Female
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease / genetics*
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Iran
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length*
  • Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / genetics*


  • CCL5 protein, human
  • Chemokine CCL5