IDIOS: An innovative index for evaluating dental imaging-based osteoporosis screening indices

Imaging Sci Dent. 2016 Sep;46(3):185-202. doi: 10.5624/isd.2016.46.3.185. Epub 2016 Sep 20.

Abstract

Purpose: The goal of this study was to develop a new index as an objective reference for evaluating current and newly developed indices used for osteoporosis screening based on dental images. Its name; IDIOS, stands for Index of Dental-imaging Indices of Osteoporosis Screening.

Materials and methods: A comprehensive PubMed search was conducted to retrieve studies on dental imaging-based indices for osteoporosis screening. The results of the eligible studies, along with other relevant criteria, were used to develop IDIOS, which has scores ranging from 0 (0%) to 15 (100%). The indices presented in the studies we included were then evaluated using IDIOS.

Results: The 104 studies that were included utilized 24, 4, and 9 indices derived from panoramic, periapical, and computed tomographic/cone-beam computed tomographic techniques, respectively. The IDIOS scores for these indices ranged from 0 (0%) to 11.75 (78.32%).

Conclusion: IDIOS is a valuable reference index that facilitates the evaluation of other dental imaging-based osteoporosis screening indices. Furthermore, IDIOS can be utilized to evaluate the accuracy of newly developed indices.

Keywords: Absorptiometry, Photon; Diagnosis; Osteoporosis; Radiography, Dental.