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. 2017 May;26(5):402-408.
doi: 10.1111/exd.13228. Epub 2017 Mar 2.

IL-36γ Has Proinflammatory Effects on Human Endothelial Cells

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IL-36γ Has Proinflammatory Effects on Human Endothelial Cells

Charlie Bridgewood et al. Exp Dermatol. .
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Abstract

Interleukin-36 cytokines are predominantly expressed by epithelial cells. Significant upregulation of epidermal IL-36 is now a recognised characteristic of psoriatic skin inflammation. IL-36 is known to induce inflammatory responses in dendritic cells, fibroblasts and epithelial cells. Although vascular alterations are a hallmark of psoriatic lesions and dermal endothelial cells are well known to play a critical role in skin inflammation, the effects of IL-36 on endothelial cells are unexplored. We here show that endothelial cells including dermal microvascular cells express a functionally active IL-36 receptor. Adhesion molecules VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 are upregulated by IL-36γ stimulation, and this is reversed by the presence of the endogenous IL-36 receptor antagonist. IL-36γ-stimulated endothelial cells secrete the proinflammatory chemokines IL-8, CCL2 and CCL20. Chemotaxis assays showed increased migration of T-cells following IL-36γ stimulation of endothelial cells. These results suggest a role for IL-36γ in the dermal vascular compartment, and it is likely to enhance psoriatic skin inflammation by activating endothelial cells and promoting leucocyte recruitment.

Keywords: IL-36; endothelial; inflammation; psoriasis; skin.

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