Nonhydrolyzable C-disaccharides, a new class of DC-SIGN ligands

Carbohydr Res. 2016 Nov 29:435:7-18. doi: 10.1016/j.carres.2016.09.005. Epub 2016 Sep 9.


The discovery of effective ligands for DC-SIGN receptor is one of the most challenging concepts of antiviral drug design due to the importance of this C-type lectin in infection processes. DC-SIGN recognizes mannosylated and fucosylated oligosaccharides but glycosidic linkages are accessible to both chemical and enzymatic degradations. To avoid this problem, the synthesis of stable glycoside mimetics has attracted increasing attention. In this work we establish for the first time mono- and divalent C-glycosides based on d-manno and l-fuco configurations as prospective DC-SIGN ligands. In particular, the l-fucose glycomimetics were more active than the respective d-mannose ones. The highest affinity was assessed for simple 1,4-bis(α-l-fucopyranosyl)butane (SPR: IC50 0.43 mM) that displayed about twice higher activity than natural ligand Lex. Our results make C-glycosides attractive candidates for multivalent presentations.

Keywords: C-Disaccharides; DC-SIGN ligands; Glycomimetics; Surface plasmon resonance.

MeSH terms

  • Biomimetics
  • Cell Adhesion Molecules / chemistry
  • Cell Adhesion Molecules / metabolism*
  • Fucose / chemistry
  • Glycosides / chemical synthesis*
  • Glycosides / chemistry
  • Humans
  • Lectins, C-Type / chemistry
  • Lectins, C-Type / metabolism*
  • Mannose / chemistry
  • Molecular Structure
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / chemistry
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / metabolism*


  • Cell Adhesion Molecules
  • DC-specific ICAM-3 grabbing nonintegrin
  • Glycosides
  • Lectins, C-Type
  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • Fucose
  • Mannose