Objectives: The majority of women with Stage III/IV ovarian cancer who achieve clinical complete response with frontline standard of care will relapse within 2years. Vigil immunotherapy, a GMCSF/bi-shRNA furin DNA engineered autologous tumor cell (EATC) product, demonstrated safety and induction of circulating activated T-cells against autologous tumor in Phase I trial Senzer et al. (2012, 2013) . Our objectives for this study include evaluation of safety, immune response and recurrence free survival (RFS).
Methods: This is a Phase II crossover trial of Vigil (1.0×107 cells/intradermal injection/month for 4 to 12 doses) in Stage III/IV ovarian cancer patients achieving cCR (normal imaging, CA-125≤35units/ml, physical exam, and no symptoms suggestive of the presence of active disease) following primary surgical debulking and carboplatin/paclitaxel adjuvant or neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Patients received Vigil or standard of care during the maintenance period.
Results: Forty-two patients were entered into trial, 31 received Vigil and 11 received standard of care. No≥Grade 3 toxicity related to product was observed. A marked induction of circulating activated T-cell population was observed against individual, pre-processed autologous tumor in the Vigil arm as compared to pre-Vigil baseline using IFNγ ELISPOT response (30/31 negative ELISPOT pre Vigil to 31/31 positive ELISPOT post Vigil, median 134 spots). Moreover, in correlation with ELISPOT response, RFS from time of procurement was improved (mean 826days/median 604days in the Vigil arm from mean 481days/median 377days in the control arm, p=0.033).
Conclusion: In conjunction with the demonstrated safety, the high rate of induction of T-cell activation and correlation with improvement in RFS justify further Phase II/III assessment of Vigil.
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