Long-term Efficacy of Vedolizumab for Crohn's Disease

J Crohns Colitis. 2017 Apr 1;11(4):412-424. doi: 10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjw176.


Background and aims: Vedolizumab is a gut-selective α4β7 integrin antagonist therapy for ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. The GEMINI long-term safety [LTS] trial is an ongoing open-label study investigating the safety of vedolizumab. We present interim exploratory analyses of efficacy in patients with Crohn's disease.

Methods: Patients from the C13004, GEMINI 2 and GEMINI 3 studies and vedolizumab-naïve patients could enrol in GEMINI LTS and received vedolizumab every 4 weeks. Data were collected from May 22, 2009 to June 27, 2013. Outcomes of clinical response and remission, defined by the Harvey-Bradshaw Index, and health-related quality of life [HRQL] were assessed for up to 152 weeks of treatment in the efficacy population.

Results: Among patients with response at week 6 in GEMINI 2 who received vedolizumab continuously, 83% [n=100/120] and 89% [n=62/70] of patients with available data were in remission after 104 and 152 weeks, respectively. Increased dosing frequency from every 8 weeks [GEMINI 2] to every 4 weeks [GEMINI LTS] improved outcomes in patients who had withdrawn early from GEMINI 2, with 47% [n=27/57] experiencing clinical response and 32% [n=18/57] in remission at week 52 of GEMINI LTS [up from 39% and 4% before the dose increase]. Similar improvements were observed regardless of prior tumour necrosis factor [TNF] antagonist exposure. Long-term benefits of HRQL were also observed.

Conclusions: The clinical benefits of vedolizumab continued with long-term treatment regardless of prior TNF antagonist exposure. Increased dosing frequency might improve outcomes in patients who lose response to conventional 8-weekly dosing.

Keywords: Crohn’s disease; long-term efficacy; vedolizumab.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized / administration & dosage
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized / adverse effects
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized / therapeutic use*
  • Crohn Disease / drug therapy*
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Female
  • Gastrointestinal Agents / administration & dosage
  • Gastrointestinal Agents / adverse effects
  • Gastrointestinal Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Quality of Life
  • Remission Induction
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized
  • Gastrointestinal Agents
  • vedolizumab