US long-haul truck driver work organization and the association with cardiometabolic disease risk

Arch Environ Occup Health. 2017 Sep 3;72(5):303-310. doi: 10.1080/19338244.2016.1242468. Epub 2016 Sep 29.


Work organization, including long working hours, irregular work schedules, and job stress, has been associated with increased cardiometabolic disease (CMD) risk for numerous working populations. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between work hours, work schedules, job stress, and CMD risk for a sample of US long-haul truck drivers (LHTDs). A nonexperimental, descriptive, cross-sectional design was employed to collect survey and anthropometric data from 260 US LHTDs at a major truck stop. The mean BMI was 33.40 kg/m2 and mean waist circumference was 114.77 cm. Using logistic regression, researchers found longer work hours, especially greater than 11 hours daily, were associated with increased odds for an extremely high risk of CMD. Results support comprehensive and integrated approaches that address work organization, and in particular long working hours, to reduce drivers' CMD risk.

Keywords: Cardiometabolic disease (CMD); LHTD; obesity; work organization.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Automobile Driving / statistics & numerical data*
  • Body Mass Index
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / epidemiology
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / etiology*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Motor Vehicles*
  • Occupational Diseases / epidemiology
  • Occupational Diseases / etiology*
  • Personnel Staffing and Scheduling
  • Risk Factors
  • Stress, Psychological / complications
  • Stress, Psychological / epidemiology
  • Time Factors
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Waist Circumference
  • Work Schedule Tolerance