Memory: Organization and Control

Annu Rev Psychol. 2017 Jan 3;68:19-45. doi: 10.1146/annurev-psych-010416-044131. Epub 2016 Sep 28.


A major goal of memory research is to understand how cognitive processes in memory are supported at the level of brain systems and network representations. Especially promising in this direction are new findings in humans and animals that converge in indicating a key role for the hippocampus in the systematic organization of memories. New findings also indicate that the prefrontal cortex may play an equally important role in the active control of memory organization during both encoding and retrieval. Observations about the dialog between the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex provide new insights into the operation of the larger brain system that serves memory.

Keywords: cognitive control; hippocampus; memory; prefrontal cortex.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Brain / diagnostic imaging
  • Brain / physiology*
  • Brain Mapping / methods*
  • Hippocampus / diagnostic imaging
  • Hippocampus / physiology
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging*
  • Memory / physiology*
  • Nerve Net / diagnostic imaging
  • Nerve Net / physiology
  • Prefrontal Cortex / diagnostic imaging
  • Prefrontal Cortex / physiology