Direct Mannich-Type Reactions Promoted by Frustrated Lewis Acid/Brønsted Base Catalysts

Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. 2016 Oct 24;55(44):13877-13881. doi: 10.1002/anie.201608583. Epub 2016 Sep 30.


Direct Mannich-type reactions that afford both α- and β-amino esters by the reaction of a broad range of carbonyl compounds and aldimines are disclosed. The transformation is promoted by a sterically frustrated Lewis acid/Brønsted base pair, which is proposed to operate cooperatively: Within the catalyst complex, an enolate is generated that then reacts with a hydrogen-bond-activated imine. Noncovalent interactions between reactants and the catalyst provide selectivity and new opportunities for future catalyst design.

Keywords: Lewis acids; Mannich-type reactions; acid-base catalysis; boron; frustrated Lewis pairs.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't