Semin Neurol. 2016 Oct;36(5):433-441. doi: 10.1055/s-0036-1585451. Epub 2016 Sep 23.


Dizziness and vertigo are among the most common symptoms to bring a patient to a neurologist. Because symptoms are often vague and imprecise, a systematic approach is essential. By categorizing vestibular disorders based on timing, triggers, and duration, as well as through focused oculomotor and vestibular examinations, the vast majority of neuro-otologic diagnoses can be made at the bedside. Here the authors discuss historical and examination pearls for the most common neuro-otologic disorders.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Dizziness / etiology*
  • Humans
  • Physical Examination
  • Vertigo
  • Vestibular Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Vestibule, Labyrinth