An integrative review of the impact of mobile technologies used by healthcare professionals to support education and practice

Nurs Open. 2015 Nov 27;3(2):66-78. doi: 10.1002/nop2.37. eCollection 2016 Apr.

Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study was to provide evidence of the impact of mobile technologies among healthcare professionals in education and practice settings.

Design: Integrative literature review.

Methods: Electronic databases including MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, EMBASE, ERIC and Web of Science were searched for papers published between 2002-2012. Quantitative studies were critically evaluated based on Thomas et al.'s framework, while the consolidated criteria for reporting qualitative research was used to appraise the rigour of the qualitative studies.

Results: Seventeen quantitative and three qualitative studies were included. The findings suggest a largely positive influence of mobile technologies on various clinical practice and educational outcomes. However, robust evidence was limited. Use of mobile technologies in health care are associated with improvements in access to information, accuracy and efficiency, evidence-based decision making at the point of care and enhancement in performance, confidence and engagement in different contexts.

Keywords: Clinical practice; healthcare education; healthcare professionals; integrative review; mobile technologies.