Efficacy and Safety of Indacaterol/Glycopyrronium (IND/GLY) Versus Salmeterol/Fluticasone in Chinese Patients with Moderate-to-Severe Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: The Chinese Cohort from the LANTERN Study

COPD. 2016 Dec;13(6):686-692. doi: 10.1080/15412555.2016.1182970. Epub 2016 Aug 11.


Inhaled indacaterol/glycopyrronium fixed-dose combination (IND/GLY) is approved in over 80 countries, including the EU, Japan, Australia and Switzerland and the US. The LANTERN study evaluated the efficacy of IND/GLY compared with inhaled long-acting β2-agonist (LABA)/inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) or salmeterol/fluticasone (SFC) in patients with moderate-to-severe COPD with a history of ≤1 exacerbation in the previous year. Here we present the efficacy and safety of IND/GLY versus SFC in the Chinese cohort from the LANTERN study. LANTERN was a 26-week, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, parallel-group study conducted in patients with moderate-to-severe COPD with a history of ≤1 exacerbation in the previous year. The patients were randomized (1:1) to once-daily IND/GLY (110/50 μg) or twice-daily SFC (50/500 μg). The primary endpoint was non-inferiority of IND/GLY versus SFC in terms of trough FEV1. Of the total 744 patients randomized in the LANTERN study, 598 (80.4%) were from Mainland China and randomized to IND/GLY (n = 298) or SFC (n = 300), and 553 (92.5%) completed the study. IND/GLY showed superiority over SFC with a statistically significant and clinically meaningful improvement in trough FEV1, FEV1 AUC0-4h, peak FEV1 and trough forced vital capacity (FVC) change from the baseline. Annualized rate of moderate or severe COPD exacerbations was significantly lower (43%) with IND/GLY compared with SFC (rate ratio: 0.57, p = 0.015). Overall, adverse events were lower for IND/GLY (34.6%) versus SFC (43.1%). IND/GLY was superior in achieving bronchodilation versus SFC in a Chinese subgroup of patients from this study. Clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT01709903.

Keywords: COPD; Chinese; IND/GLY; exacerbations; lung function.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Equivalence Trial
  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adrenergic beta-2 Receptor Agonists / administration & dosage
  • Adrenergic beta-2 Receptor Agonists / therapeutic use*
  • Aged
  • Bronchodilator Agents / administration & dosage
  • Bronchodilator Agents / therapeutic use*
  • China
  • Disease Progression
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Drug Combinations
  • Dyspnea / etiology
  • Female
  • Fluticasone-Salmeterol Drug Combination / administration & dosage
  • Fluticasone-Salmeterol Drug Combination / therapeutic use*
  • Forced Expiratory Volume
  • Glycopyrrolate / administration & dosage
  • Glycopyrrolate / therapeutic use*
  • Humans
  • Indans / administration & dosage
  • Indans / therapeutic use*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Muscarinic Antagonists / administration & dosage
  • Muscarinic Antagonists / therapeutic use*
  • Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive / complications
  • Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive / drug therapy*
  • Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive / physiopathology
  • Quinolones / administration & dosage
  • Quinolones / therapeutic use*
  • Vital Capacity


  • Adrenergic beta-2 Receptor Agonists
  • Bronchodilator Agents
  • Drug Combinations
  • Fluticasone-Salmeterol Drug Combination
  • Indans
  • Muscarinic Antagonists
  • Quinolones
  • indacaterol
  • Glycopyrrolate

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT01709903