Dried citrus peel derived from Citrus reticulata, also called "chenpi", possesses a complex mixture of flavonoids and has a history of traditional use to treat a variety of digestive disorders. We compared three sources of conventional chenpi from California (USA), Guangxi, Zhejiang, and two sources of "nchenpi", which contain greater nobiletin content, from Sichuan and Xinhui (China). Xinhui orange peel extract (OPE) had highest content of polymethoxylated flavones, along with greatest capacity to scavenge 2,2-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS), 2,2-diphenyl-1-pcrylhydrazyl (DPPH), and 2,2'-azobis-2-methyl-propanimidamide, dihydrochloride (AAPH) radicals and nitric oxide (NO). OPE also had higher NO, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase (COX-2) inhibitory activity than an equivalent mixture of flavonoids (P<0.05). In conclusion, nobiletin is a good chemical marker for assessing the anti-inflammatory potential of OPE from different sources. Obtaining "nchenpi" from either Sichuan or Xinhui provided potentially superior health benefits compared to conventional chenpi sources.
Keywords: 2,2-Azino-bis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid; 2,2-Diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl; 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide; Anti-inflammation; Antioxidant; Flavonoid; Hesperidin; Inducible nitric oxide synthase; Narirutin; Nitric oxide; Nobiletin; Orange peel extract; Tangeritin; “Nchenpi”.
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