Epidemiology of Brain Tumors

Neurol Clin. 2016 Nov;34(4):981-998. doi: 10.1016/j.ncl.2016.06.014.


Brain tumors are the commonest solid tumor in children, leading to significant cancer-related mortality. Several hereditary syndromes associated with brain tumors are nonfamilial. Ionizing radiation is a well-recognized risk factor for brain tumors. Several industrial exposures have been evaluated for a causal association with brain tumor formation but the results are inconclusive. A casual association between the common mutagens of tobacco, alcohol, or dietary factors has not yet been established. There is no clear evidence that the incidence of brain tumors has changed over time. This article presents the descriptive epidemiology of the commonest brain tumors of children and adults.

Keywords: Glioma; Ionizing radiation; Medulloblastoma; Meningioma; Neurofibromatosis; Pituitary adenoma.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Brain Neoplasms / epidemiology*
  • Brain Neoplasms / etiology
  • Brain Neoplasms / pathology
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
  • Humans
  • Risk Factors