Oral Appliances in Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2016 Dec;49(6):1343-1357. doi: 10.1016/j.otc.2016.07.005. Epub 2016 Oct 6.


Oral appliance therapy (OAT) has become an increasingly popular nonsurgical option for the treatment of obstructive sleep disorders. Recent research supports its efficacy and high levels of compliance for patients with obstructive sleep disorders. Common side effects of OAT include temporomandibular joint-related symptoms, bite changes, and tooth movement. These side effects can be minimized by the use of exercises. The American Academy of Dental Sleep Medicine and the American Academy of Sleep Medicine have released joint clinical practice guidelines for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea and snoring with OAT.

Keywords: Bruxism; Dental sleep medicine; Home sleep testing; Mandibular advancement device; Obstructive sleep apnea; Oral appliance therapy; Snoring; Temporomandibular joint.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bruxism / complications
  • Dental Caries / prevention & control
  • Equipment Design
  • Humans
  • Orthodontic Appliances, Removable*
  • Patient Compliance
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Referral and Consultation
  • Sleep Apnea, Obstructive / therapy*
  • Snoring / prevention & control*