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, 23 (3), 131-133

Acute Encephalitis Syndrome in India: The Changing Scenario


Acute Encephalitis Syndrome in India: The Changing Scenario

Sourish Ghosh et al. Ann Neurosci.


Fig. 1
Fig. 1
Endemic regions of various viruses reported to cause AES in India. JEV has its endemic zones running along the Gangetic plane including states of UP (east), Bihar, West Bengal and Assam, and parts of Tamil Nadu. CHPV that hit the states of Maharashtra (in Nagpur district) and eastern part of Gujarat in 2003 has extended its influence in the states of Andhra Pradesh. NiV hit the south-east Asian countries, mainly Bangladesh. It had its first outbreak in Siliguri, West Bengal in 2001. NiV again caused an outbreak in Nadia district of West Bengal in 2007. Enterovirus outbreak was first reported from Gorakhpur, UP in 2006. Litchi virus was the latest virus in the list that caused AES in Muzzafarpur, Bihar and Malda, West Bengal from 2013 to 2014.

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