Minimally invasive management of anastomotic leaks in colorectal surgery

World J Gastrointest Surg. 2016 Sep 27;8(9):621-626. doi: 10.4240/wjgs.v8.i9.621.

Abstract

Anastomotic leakage is an unfortunate complication of colorectal surgery. This distressing situation can cause severe morbidity and significantly affects the patient's quality of life. Additional interventions may cause further morbidity and mortality. Parenteral nutrition and temporary diverting ostomy are the standard treatments of anastomotic leaks. However, technological developments in minimally invasive treatment modalities for anastomotic dehiscence have caused them to be used widely. These modalities include laparoscopic repair, endoscopic self-expandable metallic stents, endoscopic clips, over the scope clips, endoanal repair and endoanal sponges. The review aimed to provide an overview of the current knowledge on the minimally invasive management of anastomotic leaks.

Keywords: Anastomotic leak; Colorectal surgery; Minimally invasive surgery.

Publication types

  • Review