Conjunctival Tumors in 5002 Cases. Comparative Analysis of Benign Versus Malignant Counterparts. The 2016 James D. Allen Lecture

Am J Ophthalmol. 2017 Jan;173:106-133. doi: 10.1016/j.ajo.2016.09.034. Epub 2016 Oct 8.

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate frequency of conjunctival tumors in all ages and compare benign vs malignant counterparts.

Design: Retrospective series.

Methods: setting: Tertiary referral center.

Study population: Total of 5002 patients.

Observation: Clinical features.

Main outcome measure: Differentiation of benign from malignant counterparts.

Results: The tumor was benign (52%), premalignant (18%), or malignant (30%). Malignant tumors included melanoma (12%), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) (9%), lymphoma (7%), and others. Comparison of primary acquired melanosis vs melanoma revealed melanoma with greater median patient age (54 vs 61 years, P < .0001), male sex (35% vs 49%, P < .0001), location in fornix (2% vs 6%, P = .0016) and tarsus (1% vs 4%, P = .0018), larger median basal diameter (6 vs 8 mm, P < .0001) and thickness (<1 vs 1 mm, P < .0001), and intralesional cysts (0% vs 7%, P < .0001), feeder vessels (10% vs 48%, P < .0001), intrinsic vessels (4% vs 33%, P < .0001), and hemorrhage (<1% vs 3%, P = .0001). Comparison of conjunctival intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) vs SCC revealed SCC with greater diffuse involvement (1% vs 8%, P < .0001) and larger median basal diameter (7 vs 8 mm, P < .0001) and thickness (1 mm vs 2 mm, P < .0001). Comparison of benign reactive lymphoid hyperplasia vs lymphoma revealed lymphoma with greater median patient age (50 vs 61 years, P < .0001), fornix location (32% vs 54%, P < .0001), larger median basal diameter (10 vs 20 mm, P < .0001), and less involvement of nasal region (50% vs 23%, P < .0001).

Conclusion: In an ocular oncology practice, conjunctival tumors are benign (52%), premalignant (18%), or malignant (30%). Malignant tumors tend to occur in older patients and demonstrate greater basal diameter and thickness, compared with benign counterparts.

Publication types

  • Lecture

MeSH terms

  • Conjunctival Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Conjunctival Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Humans
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Tomography, Optical Coherence