International Pediatric Otolaryngology Group (IPOG) consensus recommendations: Hearing loss in the pediatric patient

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2016 Nov;90:251-258. doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2016.09.016. Epub 2016 Sep 15.


Objective: To provide recommendations for the workup of hearing loss in the pediatric patient.

Methods: Expert opinion by the members of the International Pediatric Otolaryngology Group.

Results: Consensus recommendations include initial screening and diagnosis as well as the workup of sensorineural, conductive and mixed hearing loss in children. The consensus statement discusses the role of genetic testing and imaging and provides algorithms to guide the workup of children with hearing loss.

Conclusion: The workup of children with hearing loss can be guided by the recommendations provided herein.

Keywords: Comprehensive genetic testing; Conductive hearing loss; Congenital hearing loss; Consensus statement; Sensorineural hearing loss.

Publication types

  • Consensus Development Conference
  • Practice Guideline
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Deafness / diagnosis
  • Deafness / genetics
  • Genetic Testing
  • Hearing Loss / diagnosis
  • Hearing Loss / genetics
  • Hearing Loss, Central / diagnosis*
  • Hearing Loss, Central / genetics
  • Hearing Loss, Conductive / diagnosis*
  • Hearing Loss, Conductive / genetics
  • Hearing Loss, Mixed Conductive-Sensorineural / diagnosis*
  • Hearing Loss, Mixed Conductive-Sensorineural / genetics
  • Hearing Loss, Sensorineural / diagnosis*
  • Hearing Loss, Sensorineural / genetics
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Mass Screening
  • Neonatal Screening
  • Otoacoustic Emissions, Spontaneous
  • Otolaryngology / standards
  • Pediatrics / standards

Supplementary concepts

  • Auditory neuropathy