Comparative analysis of some biochemical parameters of argan pulp morphotypes ( Argania spinosa (L) Skeels) during maturity and according to the continentality in Essaouira region (Morocco)

Physiol Mol Biol Plants. 2016 Jul;22(3):361-370. doi: 10.1007/s12298-016-0365-z. Epub 2016 Jul 30.


Argania spinosa (L.) Skeels is an endemic forest tree for Morocco. The phytochemical compounds evaluation of four different morphotypes of their fruit pulps was investigated. The total content of sugar, protein and phenolic compounds were monitored during three different stages of maturation in the semi-continental (Mejji) and littoral regions (R'zwa). Total sugars, proteins, phenolics increased up to the ripe stage of all argan fruit morphotypes in the two regions. Spherical shape had higher sugar and protein content than other morphotypes. A significant difference (p < 0.05), was demonstrated by Pearson's test, between the different morphotypes at three stages studied for all the phytochemicals compounds. Likewise, ANOVA test established that the variation of this compounds was influenced by the stage of maturation and/or region of development and/or their interaction according to fruit shape. Results from this study revealed that the increase of these parameters level take place for the most part during the last stages of maturity which synchronize with fruit softening. Furthermore, our results showed information about the richness of argan fruit pulp in carbohydrates compounds and secondary metabolites as the possibility of their contribution in nutritive forage value especially at ripe stage.

Keywords: Argania spinosa (L); Fruit pulp; Maturation stage; Morphotype; Phytochemical compounds.