Schistosomiasis: Traverers in Africa

J Spec Oper Med. 2016 fall;16(3):47-52. doi: 10.55460/KP8A-D310.


Schistosomiasis is a parasitic infection acquired through freshwater exposure in the tropics. It is an infection that can have devastating implications to military personnel if it is not recognized and treated, especially later in life. While there is an abundance of information available about schistosomiasis in endemic populations, the information on nonendemic populations, such as deployers, is insufficient. Definitive studies for this population are lacking, but there are actions that can and should be taken to prevent infection and to treat patients. This literary review presents a case study, reviews basic science, and explores the information available about schistosomiasis in nonendemic populations. Specifically, the authors provide recommendations for the prevention, diagnosis, and postexposure management in military personnel.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Africa
  • Animals
  • Anthelmintics / therapeutic use
  • DEET / administration & dosage
  • Humans
  • Insect Repellents / administration & dosage
  • Life Cycle Stages
  • Military Personnel*
  • Praziquantel / therapeutic use
  • Schistosoma / physiology
  • Schistosomiasis / diagnosis*
  • Schistosomiasis / drug therapy*
  • Schistosomiasis / parasitology
  • Schistosomiasis / prevention & control
  • Travel*


  • Anthelmintics
  • Insect Repellents
  • DEET
  • Praziquantel