Fungal Endocarditis

Braz J Cardiovasc Surg. 2016 May-Jun;31(3):252-255. doi: 10.5935/1678-9741.20160026.


Fungal endocarditis is a rare and fatal condition. The Candida and Aspergillus species are the two most common etiologic fungi found responsible for fungal endocarditis. Fever and changing heart murmur are the most common clinical manifestations. Some patients may have a fever of unknown origin as the onset symptom. The diagnosis of fungal endocarditis is challenging, and diagnosis of prosthetic valve fungal endocarditis is extremely difficult. The optimum antifungal therapy still remains debatable. Treating Candida endocarditis can be difficult because the Candida species can form biofilms on native and prosthetic heart valves. Combined treatment appears superior to monotherapy. Combination of antifungal therapy and surgical debridement might bring about better prognosis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Antifungal Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Debridement / methods
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • Endocarditis / diagnosis
  • Endocarditis / microbiology
  • Endocarditis / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Mycoses / diagnosis
  • Mycoses / therapy*


  • Antifungal Agents