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Review
. 2016 Nov 29;7(48):78985-78993.
doi: 10.18632/oncotarget.12587.

The Prevalence of EGFR Mutation in Patients With Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

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Free PMC article
Review

The Prevalence of EGFR Mutation in Patients With Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Yue-Lun Zhang et al. Oncotarget. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Objectives: Estimate the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation prevalence in all non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients and patient subgroups.

Results: A total of 456 studies were included, reporting 30,466 patients with EGFR mutation among 115,815 NSCLC patients. The overall pooled prevalence for EGFR mutations was 32.3% (95% CI 30.9% to 33.7%), ranging from 38.4% (95% CI: 36.5% to 40.3%) in China to 14.1% (95% CI: 12.7% to 15.5%) in Europe. The pooled prevalence of EGFR mutation was higher in females (females vs. males: 43.7% vs. 24.0%; OR: 2.7, 95% CI: 2.5 to 2.9), non-smokers (non-smokers vs. past or current smokers: 49.3% vs. 21.5%; OR: 3.7, 95% CI: 3.4 to 4.0), and patients with adenocarcinoma (adenocarcinoma vs. non-adenocarcinoma: 38.0% vs. 11.7%; OR: 4.1, 95% CI: 3.6 to 4.8).

Materials and methods: PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were searched to June 2013. Eligible studies reported EGFR mutation prevalence and the association with at least one of the following factors: gender, smoking status and histology. Random-effects models were used to pool EGFR mutation prevalence data.

Conclusion: This study provides the exact prevalence of EGFR mutations in different countries and NSCLC patient subgroups.

Keywords: epidermal growth factor receptor; meta-analysis; non-small cell lung cancer; prevalence; systematic review.

Conflict of interest statement

CONFLICTS OF INTEREST

All authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1. The flow chart of study selection
This figure provides detailed information for the study inclusion and exclusion.

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