Outcomes of Descemet Stripping Endothelial Keratoplasty Using Eye Bank-Prepared Preloaded Grafts

Cornea. 2017 Jan;36(1):21-25. doi: 10.1097/ICO.0000000000001039.

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the feasibility of Descemet stripping endothelial keratoplasty using grafts preloaded by an eye bank in a commercially available insertion device.

Methods: In this retrospective case series, a series of 35 eyes in 34 consecutive patients who underwent Descemet stripping endothelial keratoplasty for Fuchs endothelial dystrophy or previously failed full-thickness grafts at a single tertiary care center from March 2013 to March 2014 was included. The donor tissue had undergone pre-lamellar dissection, trephination, and loading into EndoGlide Ultrathin inserters at the Lions Eye Institute for Transplant and Research (Tampa, FL) and was shipped overnight in Optisol GS to the surgeon (K.C.). Surgery was performed within 24 hours from tissue preparation and loading by the eye bank. Donor and recipient characteristics, endothelial cell density (ECD), best-corrected visual acuity, and central corneal thickness were recorded. The main outcome measures were intraoperative and postoperative complications and ECD loss at 3, 6, and 12 months.

Results: One primary graft failure (2.8%), 2 rebubblings (5.7%), and 1 graft rejection (2.8%) occurred. Mean preoperative donor ECD was 2821 ± 199 cells/mm. Six months postoperatively, the mean endothelial cell loss was 25.3% ± 17.2% (n = 32), which remained stable at 1 year (31.5% ± 17.9%, n = 32). Mean best-corrected visual acuity improved from 20/100 preoperatively to 20/25 at a mean follow-up of 1 year (n = 32). Mean central corneal thickness was reduced from 711 ± 110 μm to 638 ± 66 μm at the last follow-up visit.

Conclusions: Donor graft tissue preloaded by an eye bank can be used successfully for endothelial keratoplasty. Preloading reduces intraoperative tissue manipulation.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cell Count
  • Cornea / pathology
  • Corneal Endothelial Cell Loss / pathology
  • Descemet Stripping Endothelial Keratoplasty / methods*
  • Endothelial Cells / cytology
  • Eye Banks* / methods
  • Female
  • Fuchs' Endothelial Dystrophy / pathology
  • Fuchs' Endothelial Dystrophy / surgery*
  • Graft Rejection / pathology
  • Graft Rejection / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Tissue and Organ Harvesting / methods*
  • Visual Acuity