Nutrition for the Prevention of Chronic Diseases

Med Clin North Am. 2016 Nov;100(6):1185-1198. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2016.06.003.


Chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States and globally, and are attributable largely to poor nutrition and suboptimal lifestyle behaviors. The 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans promote healthy eating and lifestyle patterns across the lifespan to reduce risk of NCDs. Physicians are well positioned to provide lifestyle preventive interventions that are personalized to their patients' biological needs and cultural preferences through multidisciplinary team activities or referral to professional nutrition and physical activity experts. They can also advocate for environmental changes in healthcare and community settings that promote healthful lifestyle behaviors.

Keywords: Chronic; Diet; Dietary Guidelines for Americans; Dietary patterns; Lifestyle; Noncommunicable diseases; Physicians; Prevention.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Chronic Disease / prevention & control*
  • Diet*
  • Evidence-Based Medicine
  • Exercise
  • Humans
  • Life Style*
  • Nutrition Policy
  • Primary Prevention / methods*
  • Risk Reduction Behavior
  • United States