Respiratory training in an individual with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Ann Clin Transl Neurol. 2016 Sep 1;3(10):819-823. doi: 10.1002/acn3.342. eCollection 2016 Oct.

Abstract

We examined the impact of expiratory muscle strength training on maximum expiratory pressure, cough spirometry, and disease progression in a 71-year-old male with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Maximum expiratory pressure declined 9% over an 8-week sham training period, but subsequently improved by 102% following 8 weeks of expiratory muscle strength training. Improvements in cough spirometry and mitigated disease progression were also observed post expiratory muscle strength training. Improvements in maximum expiratory pressures were maintained 6 months following expiratory muscle strength training and were 79% higher than baseline data obtained 301 days prior. In this spinal-onset amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patient, respiratory training improved subglottic air pressure generation and sequential cough generation.