Type 1 diabetes in older adults: Comparing treatments and chronic complications in the United States T1D Exchange and the German/Austrian DPV registries

Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2016 Dec;122:28-37. doi: 10.1016/j.diabres.2016.09.024. Epub 2016 Oct 4.

Abstract

Aims: Compare characteristics, therapies and clinical outcomes in older adults with type 1 diabetes in the United States T1D Exchange (T1DX) and German/Austrian Diabetes Patienten Verlaufsdokumentation (DPV) registries.

Methods: Cross-sectional study of adults ≥60years old with type 1 diabetes seen in 2011-2012 in the T1DX (n=1283) and DPV (n=2014) registries. Wilcoxon rank-sum test was used for continuous variables and chi-square test for categorical variables. Adjusted analyses used generalized linear models.

Results: Individuals in both registries were similar in body mass index (mean 27kg/m2), percent with obesity (25%) and gender (48% male). In T1DX there was longer diabetes duration (32.3 vs. 28.8years), greater use of antihypertensive medications (including ACE-I and ARBs; 85% vs. 62%), statins (68% vs. 40%), aspirin (77% vs. 21%), insulin pumps (58% vs. 18%), and less smoking (7% vs. 10%); lower adjusted mean LDL-cholesterol (84 vs. 109mg/dL), and lower adjusted mean systolic and diastolic blood pressures (128 vs. 136 and 68 vs. 74mmHg); fewer myocardial infarctions (6% vs. 9% [99% CI of difference, 1% to 5%]), strokes (2% vs. 8% [3% to 7%]), microvascular complications including microalbuminuria (17% vs. 44% [22% to 32%]) but increased depression (16.1% vs. 8.7%). Adjusted mean HbA1c levels were similar (7.5%, 58mmol/mol).

Conclusions: Differences between the registries included greater use of antihypertensives, statins and insulin pumps, and fewer chronic complications in the T1DX. Further research is needed to better understand the role of intensive therapy in improving outcomes in older adults with type 1 diabetes.

Keywords: DPV; Geriatrics; T1D Diabetes Exchange; Type 1 diabetes.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Multicenter Study
  • Observational Study

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Antihypertensive Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Austria
  • Body Mass Index
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Diabetes Complications / epidemiology*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / complications*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / drug therapy*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / physiopathology
  • Female
  • Germany
  • Humans
  • Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors / therapeutic use*
  • Insulin Infusion Systems*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Registries / statistics & numerical data*
  • Time Factors
  • United States

Substances

  • Antihypertensive Agents
  • Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors