Management of fluoroscopy-induced radiation ulcer: One-stage radical excision and immediate reconstruction

Sci Rep. 2016 Oct 21;6:35875. doi: 10.1038/srep35875.

Abstract

With increasing use of cardiac fluoroscopic intervention, the incidence of fluoroscopy-induced radiation ulcer is increasing. Radiation ulcer is difficult to manage and currently there are no treatment guidelines. To identify the optimal treatment approaches for managing cardiac fluoroscopy-induced radiation ulcers, we retrospectively reviewed medical records of 13 patients with fluoroscopy-induced radiation ulcers receiving surgical interventions and following up in our hospital from 2012 to 2015. Conventional wound care and hyperbaric oxygen therapy were of little therapeutic benefit. Twelve patients received reconstruction with advancement flap or split thick skin graft. One-stage radical excision of radiation damaged area in eight cases with immediate reconstruction led to better outcomes than conservative excisions in four cases. Radical surgical excision to remove all the radiation damaged tissues in combination with immediate reconstruction appears to offer the optimal treatment results for cardiac fluoroscopy-induced radiation ulcers. Adequate excision of the damaged areas in both vertical (to the muscular fascia) and horizontal (beyond the sclerotic areas) dimension is pivotal to achieve good treatment outcomes.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Fluoroscopy / adverse effects*
  • Gamma Rays
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Radiation Injuries / etiology*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Skin Ulcer / etiology*
  • Skin Ulcer / surgery
  • Surgical Flaps
  • Treatment Outcome