Polypeptide with electroactive endgroups as sensing platform for the abused drug 'methamphetamine' by bioelectrochemical method

Talanta. 2016 Dec 1;161:789-796. doi: 10.1016/j.talanta.2016.09.042. Epub 2016 Sep 17.


Affinity-type sensors have emerged as outstanding platforms in the detection of diagnostic protein markers, nucleic acids and drugs. Thus, these novel platforms containing antibodies could be integrated into the monitoring systems for abused drugs. Herein, we established a novel detection platform for the analysis of a common illicit drug; methamphetamine (METH). Initially, a fluorescent-labeled polypeptide (EDOT-BTDA-Pala), derived from L-alanine N-carboxyanhydride (L-Ala-NCA) via ring-opening polymerization using 4,7-bis(2,3-dihydrothieno[3,4-b][1,4]dioxin-5-yl)benzo[c][1,2,5]thiadiazole-5,6-diamine (EDOT-NH2-BTDA) as initiator, was employed as a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) covering host, in order to immobilize the METH-selective antibody. Prior to the examination of analytical features, GCE/EDOT-BTDA-Pala/Antibody surface was successfully characterized in the way of electrochemical (cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy) and microscopic techniques (scanning electron microscopy and fluorescence microscopy). As for the analytical characterization, linearity and limit of detection (LOD) were found as 10-100µg/mL with an equation of y=0.0429x-0.2347, (R2=0.996) and 13.07µg/mL, respectively. Moreover, sample application using artificial urine, saliva and serum samples spiked with METH (10, 25, 50µg/mL) were performed and LC-MS/MS system was used for further confirmation. The described platform can be adapted to monitor the other types of abused drugs by using suitably selected biorecognition elements.

Keywords: Abused drug analysis; Chromatography; Immunosensor; Methamphetamine; Polypeptide; Surface modification.

MeSH terms

  • Antibodies / immunology
  • Benzothiazoles / chemistry*
  • Biosensing Techniques*
  • Electrochemical Techniques
  • Methamphetamine* / blood
  • Methamphetamine* / immunology
  • Methamphetamine* / urine
  • Peptides / chemistry*
  • Saliva / chemistry
  • Substance Abuse Detection
  • Thiophenes / chemistry*


  • 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene
  • 4,7-dibromo-2,1,3-benzothiadiazole
  • Antibodies
  • Benzothiazoles
  • Peptides
  • Thiophenes
  • Methamphetamine