Aims: To examine the hypothesis that changes in serum adiponectin concentration inversely relate to changes in glucose tolerance and β-cell function already during the early stage of disease progression in recently diagnosed Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Methods: Participants in the prospective observational German Diabetes Study (Type 2 diabetes, n = 94; Type 1 diabetes, n = 42) underwent i.v. glucose tolerance and glucagon stimulation testing to assess pre-hepatic β-cell function, glucose tolerance index and C-peptide secretion within the first year of diabetes diagnosis and 2 years later. Associations of changes in serum concentrations of total adiponectin, high-molecular-weight adiponectin and their ratio with changes in the aforementioned metabolic variables were calculated using linear regression.
Results: Among people with Type 2 diabetes, 2-year increases in high-molecular-weight adiponectin and in high-molecular-weight/total adiponectin ratio were associated with decreases in glucose tolerance index of 0.1%/min (P = 0.020) and 0.8%/min (P = 0.013), respectively. Increases in high-molecular-weight/total adiponectin ratio were related to decreases in acute C-peptide secretion of 54.6% (P = 0.020). Among people with Type 1 diabetes, 2-year increases in total adiponectin were associated with 2-year decreases in acute C-peptide secretion of 56.2% (P = 0.035).
Conclusions: Increases in adiponectin concentrations in the first 2 years after diagnosis were related to a worsening of acute insulin secretion and glucose tolerance index in Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. (Clinical Trials Registry no.: NCT01055093).
© 2016 Diabetes UK.